(Noun) An architectural work product that describes an aspect of the architecture.
Original Source: TOGAF® Standard, 10th Edition | Doc. No. C220
(Noun) The specification of a physical piece of information that is used or produced by a software development process, or by the deployment and operation of a system.
Examples: Examples of artifacts include model files, source files, scripts, and binary executable files, a table in a database system, a development deliverable, a word-processing document, or an email message.
Original Source: Unified Modeling Language™ (UML®), Object Management Group® (OMG®)